Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation: Volume 1, 2nd edition

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation: Volume 1, 2nd editionIn two freestanding volumes, the Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation provides comprehensive coverage of the science and practice of neurological rehabilitation.

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Revised throughout, bringing the book fully up to date, this volume, Neural Repair and Plasticity, covers the basic sciences relevant to recovery of function following injury to the nervous system, reviewing anatomical and physiological plasticity in the normal central nervous system, mechanisms of neuronal death, axonal regeneration, stem cell biology, and research strategies targeted at axon regeneration and neuron replacement.

New chapters have been added covering pathophysiology and plasticity in cerebral palsy, stem cell therapies for brain disorders and neurotrophin repair of spinal cord damage, along with numerous others. Edited and written by leading international authorities, it is an essential resource for neuroscientists and provides a foundation for the work of clinical rehabilitation professionals.

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation: Volume 1, 2nd edition
by Michael Selzer (Editor), Stephanie Clarke (Editor), Leonardo Cohen (Editor), Gert Kwakkel (Editor), Robert Miller (Editor)
ISBN-13: 978-1107011670
ISBN-10: 1107011671

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation: Volume 1, 2nd edition Contents

(Volume I – Neural Repair and Plasticity)
Section 1 – Neural plasticity: cellular and
molecular mechanisms of neural
plasticity
1. Degenerative changes and reactive growth responses
of neurons following denervation and axotomy:
historical concepts and their modern embodiments 1
Oswald Steward
2. Learning and memory: basic principles and
model systems 22
Kimberly M. Christian, Andrew M. Poulos, and
Richard F. Thompson
3. Short-term plasticity: facilitation, augmentation,
potentiation, and depression 36
Gavriel David and Ellen Barrett
4. Long-term potentiation and long-term
depression 50
Gareth Thomas and Richard L. Huganir
5. Cellular and molecular mechanisms of associative and
nonassociative learning 63
John H. Byrne, Diasinou Fioravante, and
Evangelos G. Antzoulatos
Section 2 – Functional plasticity in the central
nervous system
6. Plasticity of mature and developing somatosensory
systems 75
Jon H. Kaas and Hui-Xin Qi
7. Activity-dependent plasticity in the intact
spinal cord 83
Jonathan R. Wolpaw and Aiko K. Thompson
8. Plasticity of cerebral motor functions: implications
for repair and rehabilitation 99
Randolph J. Nudo
9. Plasticity in visual connections: retinal ganglion
cell axonal development and regeneration 114
Martin Munz, Edward S. Ruthazer, and Kurt Haas
10. Plasticity in auditory functions 125
Josef P. Rauschecker
11. Cross-modal plasticity in the visual system 140
Krishnankutty Sathian
Section 3 – Plasticity after injury to the central
nervous system
12. The role of extracellular matrix in plasticity
in the spinal cord 155
Melissa R. Andrews, Difei Wang, Chin Lik Tan,
and James W. Fawcett
13. Spinal plasticity underlying the recovery
of locomotion after injury 166
Serge Rossignol, Brian J. Schmidt, and
Larry M. Jordan
14. Cellular mechanisms of plasticity after brain lesions 196
S. Thomas Carmichael
15. Pathophysiology and plasticity in cerebral palsy 211
Wenbin Deng and Frances E. Jensen
16. Noninvasive brain stimulation in cognitive
rehabilitation: guiding plasticity after injury to the
central nervous system 218
Anna-Katharine Brem, Jared C. Horvath, and
Alvaro Pascual-Leone
17. From bench to bedside: influence of theories
of plasticity on human neurorehabilitation 240
Agnes Floel and Leonardo G. Cohen
Section 4 – Neural repair: basic cellular and
molecular processes
18. Neuronal death and rescue: neurotrophic factors and
anti-apoptotic mechanisms 255
Thomas W. Gould and Carol Milligan
19. Axon degeneration and rescue 274
Erika Timar and Ahmet Höke
v
20. Adult neurogenesis and neural precursors,
progenitors, and stem cells in the adult central
nervous system 283
Jeffrey D. Macklis and Gerd Kempermann
21. Axon guidance during development and
regeneration 301
Simon W. Moore and Timothy E. Kennedy
22. Synaptogenesis 317
Matthew S. Kayser and Matthew B. Dalva
Section 5 – Determinants of regeneration
in the injured nervous system
23. Non-mammalian models of nerve regeneration 329
Jennifer Morgan and Michael Shifman
24. Myelin-associated axon growth inhibitors 339
Binhai Zheng and Karim Fouad
25. Inhibitors of axonal regeneration 349
Marco Domeniconi, Tim Spencer, and Marie T. Filbin
26. Glial development and axon regeneration 367
Robert H. Miller
27. Effects of the glial scar and extracellular matrix
molecules on axon regeneration 376
Himanshu Sharma, Bradley Lang, and Jerry Silver
28. The role of the inflammatory response in central
nervous system injury and regeneration 392
Charbel E-H. Moussa
29. Neurotrophin repair of spinal cord damage 400
Vanessa S. Boyce, Joel M. Levine, and Lorne M. Mendell
30. Intraneuronal determinants of axon regeneration 413
Toby A. Ferguson, Michael E. Selzer, and Zhigang He
Section 6 – Promotion of regeneration in the
injured nervous system
31. Cellular replacement in spinal cord injury 435
Joseph F. Bonner, Angelo C. Lepore, Mahendra S. Rao,
and Itzhak Fischer
32. Dysfunction and recovery in demyelinated and
dysmyelinated axons 457
Stephen G. Waxman
33. Role of Schwann cells in peripheral nerve
regeneration 472
Young-Jin Son and Wesley J. Thompson
34. Transplantation of Schwann cells and olfactory
ensheathing cells as a therapeutic strategy in spinal
cord injury 496
Jeffery D. Kocsis and Mary Bartlett Bunge
35. Trophic factor delivery by gene therapy 514
Christopher Trimby and George M. Smith
36. Assessment of sensorimotor function after
experimental spinal cord injury and repair 529
Michael S. Beattie and Jacqueline C. Bresnahan
Section 7 – Translational research: application
to human neural injury
37. Biomimetic design of neural prostheses 541
Joseph J. Pancrazio and P. Hunter Peckham
38. Brain responses to neural prostheses 554
Jeffrey R. Capadona and Paul D. Marasco
39. Brain–computer interfaces 565
Jonathan R. Wolpaw and Chadwick B. Boulay
40. Intracranial brain–computer interfaces for
communication and control 577
Beata Jarosiewicz and Leigh R. Hochberg
41. Stem cell therapies for brain disorders 586
Lianhua Bai, Brandon Delia, Jordan Hecker, and
Robert H. Miller
42. Understanding motor recovery and compensation
in neurorehabilitation 599
Mindy F. Levin
Index 609
See color plate section in between pages 328 and 329

(Volume II – Medical Neurorehabilitation)
Section 1 – Technology of neurorehabilitation:
outcome measurement and
diagnostic technology
1. Clinical trials in neurorehabilitation 1
Bruce H. Dobkin
2. Understanding the mechanisms underlying recovery
after stroke 7
Gert Kwakkel, Floor E. Buma, and Michael E. Selzer
3. Genetics in neurorehabilitation 25
Kristin M. Pearson-Fuhrhop and Steven C. Cramer
4. Outcomes measurement: basic principles and
applications in stroke rehabilitation 35
Carol L. Richards, Sharon Wood-Dauphinee, and
Francine Malouin
5. Human voluntary motor control and dysfunction 51
Catherine E. Lang and Marc H. Schieber
6. Assessments, interventions, and outcome measures
for walking 61
Bruce H. Dobkin
7. Clinical pathways 70
Thomas Platz
8. Electromyography in neurorehabilitation 77
Amparo Gutierrez and Austin J. Sumner
9. Functional neuroimaging 84
Nick S. Ward and Richard S. J. Frackowiak
Section 2 – Therapeutic technology
10. Evolving insights into motor learning and their
implications for neurorehabilitation 95
Peter J. Beek and Melvyn Roerdink
11. Balance training 105
Margaret Mak and Fay B. Horak
12. Functional electrical stimulation
in neurorehabilitation 120
Peter H. Gorman and P. Hunter Peckham
13. Peripheral nerve stimulation 135
Leonardo G. Cohen and Adriana B. Conforto
14. Brain stimulation 141
Friedhelm C. Hummel and Pablo Celnik
15. Assistive devices 150
William C. Mann and Glenn S. Le Prell
16. Wheelchair design and seating technology 161
Rory A. Cooper, Rosemarie Cooper, Michael L.
Boninger, Tasia Bobish, Laura McClure,
Annmarie Kelleher, and Tamara L. Pelleshi
17. Rehabilitation robotics, orthotics, and prosthetics
for the upper extremity 177
Hermano I. Krebs, Glauco A. P. Caurin, and
Linamara Battistella
18. Rehabilitation robotics, orthotics, and prosthetics:
lower limb 190
Jan Mehrholz and Marcus Pohl
19. Virtual reality applications in
neurorehabilitation 198
Patrice L. (Tamar) Weiss, Rachel Kizony, Uri Feintuch,
Debbie Rand, and Noomi Katz
20. Communication devices 219
Sheela Stuart and Beth Mineo
21. Requirements for valid clinical trials 231
John D. Steeves
22. Spinal cord injury: mechanisms, cellular and
molecular therapies, and human
translation 242
Erna A. van Niekerk and Mark H. Tuszynski
23. Motor neuroprosthetics 253
Dejan B. Popović and Thomas Sinkjær
vii
Section 3 – Organization of rehabilitation
services
24. Neurorehabilitative interventions in the acute stage
of diseases 261
Heinrich Binder
25. The rehabilitation team and the economics
of neurological rehabilitation 278
Richard D. Zorowitz and Anthony B. Ward
Section 4 – Symptom-specific neurorehabilitation:
sensory and motor dysfunctions
26. Chronic pain 289
Herta Flor and Frank Andrasik
27. Loss of somatic sensation 298
Leeanne M. Carey
28. Management of deforming spastic paresis 312
Nicolas Bayle and Jean-Michel Gracies
29. Contemporary concepts in upper extremity
rehabilitation 330
Aimee Reiss, Sarah Blanton, and Steven L. Wolf
30. Gait disorders and rehabilitation 343
Volker Dietz
31. Balance function and dysfunction and the
vestibular system 355
C.D. Hall and Susan J. Herdman
32. Deconditioning and energy expenditure 367
Marilyn MacKay-Lyons
Section 5 – Vegetative and autonomic
dysfunctions
33. Acute neurorehabilitation for disorders of
consciousness 385
Theresa Pape
34. Plasticity in the neural pathways for swallowing: role
in rehabilitation of dysphagia 405
John C. Rosenbek
35. Autonomic dysfunction 415
Christopher J. Mathias and David A. Low
Section 6 – Cognitive rehabilitation
36. Rehabilitation for aphasia 437
Stefano F. Cappa, Ana Inés Ansaldo, and Edith Durand
37. Apraxia 447
Thomas Platz
38. Unilateral neglect and anosognosia 463
Stephanie Clarke and Claire Bindschaedler
39. Memory dysfunction 478
Jonathan J. Evans
40. Neurorehabilitation of executive functions 489
Gary R. Turner and Mark D’Esposito
41. Rehabilitation of visual field impairment 500
Arash Sahraie and Ceri T. Trevethan
Section 7 – Disease-specific neurorehabilitation
systems
42. Rehabilitation of dementia 509
Mijail D. Serruya, Catherine Verrier Piersol, Tracey Vause
Earland, and Keith M. Robinson
43. Traumatic brain injury 535
Maulik Purohit, Seth Herman, and Ross D. Zafonte
44. Neurorehabilitation in epilepsy 550
Andres M. Kanner
45. Parkinson’s disease and other movement
disorders 567
Michael Jöbges, Georg Ebersbach, and Jörg Wissel
46. Predicting activities after stroke 585
Gert Kwakkel, Boudewijn J. Kollen, and John W. Krakauer
47. Evidence-based benefit of rehabilitation after
stroke 601
Robert W. Teasell and Ricardo Viana
48. Rehabilitation in spinal cord injury 615
Diana D. Cardenas and Armin Curt
49. Multiple sclerosis 637
Serafin Beer, Fary Khan, and Jürg Kesselring
50. Neuromuscular rehabilitation: diseases of the motor
neuron, peripheral nerve, neuromuscular junction,
and the muscle 655
Helmar C. Lehmann, Hubertus Köller, and
Hans-Peter Hartung
Index 674
See color plate section in between pages 360 and 361.

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation: Volume 1, 2nd edition Preface

Neurorehabilitation is a medical specialty that is growing rapidly because medical advances have extended life expectancy and saved the lives of persons who previously would not have survived neurological injury. It is now urgent to develop a rigorous scientific basis for the field. The basic science relevant to functional recovery from neural injury is perhaps the most exciting and compelling of all the medical sciences.

It encompasses areas of plasticity, regeneration, and transplantation in the nervous system that individually have been the subjects of many monographs. With the Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation, these areas are integrated with each other and with the clinical topics to which they apply.

The Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation is organized into two volumes. Volume I: Neural Repair and Plasticity can stand alone as a textbook for graduate- or advanced undergraduate-level courses on recovery from neural injury. Following an injury to the nervous system, most patients partially regain function, but this is very incomplete. Volume I is subdivided into seven sections covering areas of physiological and anatomical plasticity in the normal and injured nervous system, the determinants of regeneration and therapeutic approaches to
restore connectivity and function after neural injury. Chapters cover the anatomical and physiologic responses of neurons to injury, mechanisms of learning and memory, and plasticity in specific areas of the nervous system consequent to intense use, disuse and injury.

Ultimately, interventions aimed at repairing the damaged neural circuitry will be required if full function is to be
restored. Thus chapters also cover topics on neuronal death, trophic factors, axonal regeneration and the molecules that inhibit it, stem cell biology, and cell transplantation. Compared with the first edition, greater emphasis has been placed on gene and cell based therapies and on intracellular signalling. Section 7 is devoted to translational research applied to human neural injury.

Volume II: Medical Neurorehabilitation can stand alone as a clinical handbook for physicians, therapists, rehabilitation nurses, and other neurorehabilitation professionals. It too is organized into seven sections. The first two cover the diagnostic and therapeutic technology of neurorehabilitation and constitute a direct transition from Volume I, emphasizing the applications of basic scientific principles to the practice of neurorehabilitation. Included are new chapters on the design of clinical trials in neurorehabilitation, requirements for valid
clinical trials in regenerative therapies, expanded coverage of gene, cell transplantation, and brain stimulation therapies, as well as functional imaging, motor control, gait and balance assessment, electrodiagnosis, virtual reality, and bioengineering and robotic applications to prosthetics and orthotics.

The second section includes chapters on the organization of neurorehabilitation services, including a new chapter on
rehabilitation during the acute phase of injury. Sections 4–6 cover symptom-specific approaches to neurorehabilitation, including sensory, motor, autonomic, vegetative, and cognitive functions. This includes a new chapter on disorders of consciousness. Section 7 includes 9 chapters on comprehensive approaches to the rehabilitation of persons suffering from the major categories of disabling neurologic disorders, such as spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and neurodegenerative diseases.

Wherever possible, the chapters in this book refer the reader back to chapters that deal with relevant material at a
different level. However, in the second edition, the level of truly interactive content between basic laboratory and clinical science is vastly increased compared to the first edition. It is hoped that, by stressing the integration of clinical and basic scientific knowledge, this book is helping to advance the quality and scientific rigor of neurorehabilitation….

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