The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer: a guide to cancer and its treatments: 3 volume set, 4th edition

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer: a guide to cancer and its treatments: 3 volume set, 4th editionThis edition of the Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer provides a comprehensive survey of cancers, cancer drugs, traditional and alternative treatments, diagnostic procedures, and side effects. Its 620 entries include more than 40 brand new entries and more than 270 updated entries.

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Information is organized in an easy-to-read format; standard headings within entries include definition, description, demographics, causes and symptoms, diagnosis, clinical staging, treatment, coping with cancer treatment, treatment team, clinical trials, prevention, prognosis, special concerns, and resources. Rubrics for cancer drug entries include: definition, purpose, description, recommended dosage, precautions, side effects, and interactions.

Sidebars include Questions to Ask Your Doctor and Key Terms, which help define more complex medical concepts. Appendixes include a glossary; contact information for state-specific National Cancer Institute comprehensive cancer centers; and contact information for national and international support groups, government agencies, and research groups. Other features include anatomical illustrations of the major body systems; a subject index; and approximately 275 additional photographs, illustrations, and statistical tables

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer: a guide to cancer and its treatments: 3 volume set, 4th edition
by Kristin Fust (Editor)
ISBN-13: 978-1410317407
ISBN-10: 1410317404

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer: a guide to cancer and its treatments: 3 volume set, 4th edition CONTENTS

Please Read—Important Information ……………..ix
Foreword …………………………………………………………………..xi
Introduction……………………………………………………………..xv
Alphabetical List of Entries……………………………xvii
Contributors………………………………………………………..xxiii
Illustrations of Body Systems……………………..xxvii
Entries
Volume 1: A–E……………………………………………………..1
Volume 2: F–O………………………………………………..699
Volume 3: P–Z………………………………………………1329
Organizations: National Cancer Institute–
Designated Comprehensive Cancer
Centers………………………………………………………………… 1899
Organizations: Support Groups, Government
Agencies, and Research Groups………………… 1903
Glossary ……………………………………………………………… 1917
General Index …………………………………………………… 1977

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer: a guide to cancer and its treatments: 3 volume set, 4th edition

PLEASE READ—IMPORTANT INFORMATION

The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer: A Guide to Cancer and Its Treatments is a health reference product designed to inform and educate readers about a wide variety of cancers; other diseases and conditions related to cancers; diagnostic tests and procedures; nutrition and dietary practices beneficial to cancer patients; and various
cancer treatments, including drugs. Cengage Learning believes the product to be comprehensive, but not
necessarily definitive. It is intended to supplement, not replace, consultation with a physician or other healthcare
practitioner.

While Cengage Learning has made substantial efforts to provide information that is accurate,
comprehensive, and up to date, Cengage Learning makes no representations or warranties of any kind, including
without limitation, warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, nor does it guarantee
the accuracy, comprehensiveness, or timeliness of the information contained in this product.

Readers should be aware that the universe of medical knowledge is constantly growing and changing, and that differences of opinion exist among authorities. Readers are also advised to seek professional diagnosis and treatment for any medical condition, and to discuss information obtained from this book with their healthcare provider …..


The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer: a guide to cancer and its treatments: 3 volume set, 4th edition

FOREWORD

Unfortunately, man must suffer disease. Some diseases are totally reversible and can be effectively treated. Moreover, some diseases with proper treatment have been virtually annihilated, such as polio, rheumatic
fever, smallpox, and, to some extent, tuberculosis. Other diseases seem to target one organ, such as the heart, and
there has been great progress in either fixing defects, adding blood flow, or giving medications to strengthen
the diseased pump. Cancer, however, continues to frustrate even the cleverest of doctors or the most
fastidious of health-conscious individuals.

Why? By its very nature, cancer is a survivor. It has only one purpose: to proliferate. After all, that is the definition of cancer: unregulated growth of cells that fail to heed the message to stop growing. Normal cells go through a
cycle of division, aging, and then selection for death. Cancer cells are able to circumvent this normal cycle and
escape recognition to be eliminated.

There are many mechanisms that can contribute to this unregulated cell growth. One of these mechanisms is
inheritance. Some individuals can be programmed for cancer due to inherited disorders in their genetic makeup.
In its simplest terms, a person can inherit a faulty gene or a missing gene whose role is to eliminate damaged cells
or to prevent imperfect cells from growing. Without this natural braking system, the damaged cells can divide and
lead to more damaged cells with the same abnormal genetic makeup as the parent cells. Given enough time,
and our inability to detect them, these groups of cells can grow to a size that will cause discomfort or other
symptoms….

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